The Language of Science
- Science contains a language all its own. The main reason individuals find it difficult to understand many of the sciences is its difficult looking vocabulary. Large words are associated with difficulty, and difficulty equates to hard. So by the vocabulary alone science is hard. Actually, scientific vocabulary is a hodge podge of roots, prefixes, and suffixes put together to describe events, body parts, or functions, etc. observed by the individuals studying the process. Below you will find a list of the more common prefixes and suffixes and their meaning(s). If one can learn their meaning(s) , they will be well on their way to understanding the vast vocabulary of science.
Prefix Meaning Prefix Meaning Suffix Meaning a or an not or non. epi
needing oxygen or air
related to life
consisting of many units
pertaining to light
singular or one
pertaining to fat
pertaining to the earth
to build or make
- Directions: Using the above chart, determine the meaning of the following scientific words.
- 1. Biology __________________________________________________________________.
- 2. Abiotic __________________________________________________________________.
- 3. Micronucleus _____________________________________________________________.
- 4. Polycystic ________________________________________________________________.
- 5. Liposuction _______________________________________________________________.
- 6. Autophage ________________________________________________________________.
- 7. Gastritis __________________________________________________________________.
- 8. Geology __________________________________________________________________.
- 9. Photosynthesis _____________________________________________________________.
- 10. Cytology _________________________________________________________________.
- Directions: Match the definition with correct scientific word.
1. ________Aerobic respiration
a. Layer of tissue that produces digestive enzymes.
b. Breaking up of a cell.
c. Inflammation of the appendix.
d. Needing oxygen to live.
e. Jointed appendages
f. A substance that is not part of an organisms body.
g. Measures light intensity.
h. Not needing oxygen to live.
i. Inflammation of the joints.
j. A structure divided into many compartments.